by Ernest Thompson Seton
The Degree of Swimmer may be conferred on any one who takes twelve of these tests
1. Perform running plain front dive from springboard, or racing dive in at least fair
form, and swim in good form 150 yards using
a. Breast stroke for first 50 yards.
b. Back stroke with inverted frog kick, spiral kick or combination frog-scissors kick
for next 50 yards.
c. Side stroke for last 50 yards.
2. Swim 50 yards using legs only, crawl kick debarred.
3. Swim 50 yards using arms only.
4. Tread water 3 minutes with both hands above water.
5. Swim 50 yards in camp costume and undress without support in at least 7 feet of
water, then swim 50 yards more.
6. Break following holds of swimming instructor, or other well-qualified assistant
a. Wrist hold, single and double, each against one or
both hands of opponent, by means of legs.
b. Front neck hold.
c. Back strangle hold.
Each hold must be broken at least five times in correct form and against real
7. Perform surface dive in at least seven feet of water and bring up human subject, or
equivalent, from bottom in side-stroke carry.
8. Unconscious or slightly resisting subject carry.
9. Tired swimmer or cramp carry: swimming 25 yards, subject lying on back with arms
straight and hands on carrier's shoulders, and legs spread around carrier's hips, carrier
using breast stroke.
10. Struggling subject carry, swimming 10 yards on back towing subject with double arm
lock, using frog kick or combination frog-scissors kick or spiral kick, resorting to full
arm lock each time until subject ceases struggle, subject struggling violently at least
11. Demonstrate for three minutes in correct rhythm the Schaefer method of artificial
respiration, and explain the process of resuscitation from time subject is removed from
water until consciousness is restored.
12. Pass satisfactorily an oral examination on Schaefer method of artificial
respiration and after-treatment of the apparently drowned, or on any other phase of
13. Distance swim without time limit at least 440 yards, using at least one speed
swimming stroke in good form for one-fourth distance.
14. Warding off with arms and legs when attacked
a. From front.
b. From rear,
each 2 minutes.
15. Swim 100 yards.
16. Demonstrate safely crossing thin or rotten ice.
17. Teach three persons to swim.
For "How To" Information, See: The
Birch Bark Roll