by Ernest Thompson Seton
The Degree of Forester may be conferred on any one who takes eighteen of these tests:
1. Identify twenty-five kinds of trees when in leaf, or fifteen kinds of deciduous
(broad leaf) trees in winter, and tell some of the uses of each.
2. Identify twelve kinds of shrubs.
3. Collect and identify samples of 20 kinds of wood and be able to tell some of their
uses and peculiar properties.
4. Determine the height, and estimate the amount of timber, approximately, in five
trees of different sizes.
5. State the laws for transplanting, grafting, spraying, and protecting a tree.
6. Make a collection of smoke or blue prints of sixty species of wild flowers, ferns,
or grasses dried and mounted in a book and correctly named.
7. Recognize in the forest all important commercial trees in one's neighborhood.
8. Distinguish the lumber from each and tell for what purpose each is best suited.
9. Recognize the difference in the forest between good and bad logging, giving reasons
why one is good and another bad.
10. Tell whether a tree is dying from injury by fire, by insects, by disease, or by a
combination of these causes.
11. Know what tools to use in lumbering.
12. Know how to fight fires in hilly or in flat country.
13. Know the effect upon stream-flow of the destruction of forests at head waters.
14. Know what are the four great uses of water in streams.
15. Know what causes the pollution of streams, and how it can best be stopped.
16. Know how, in general, water-power is developed.
17. Tell, for a given piece of farm land, whether it is best suited for use as a farm
or forest, and why.
18. Point out examples of erosion, and tell how to stop it.
19. Estimate closely how much timber and how much cord-wood is in a given acre of
20. Name six trees that will float when green, and six that ,will not.
21. Know something of the relation of birds and quadrupeds to forest trees.
22. Fell a six-inch tree in sixty seconds, driving with it a given stake.
23. Make 100 trees grow where none grew heretofore.
24. Camp in the woods for thirty nights.
25. Perform the Tree Planting Ceremony.
26. Perform the Flower Planting Ceremony.
For "How To" Information, See: The
Birch Bark Roll