Frostbite
Frostbite Intro ] Frostbite Symptoms ]

 

 

 

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Frostbite Symptoms

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Frostbite is characterized by white, waxy skin that feels numb and hard. It requires immediate emergency medical attention.

What to Do:

bulletGet the victim into dry clothing, then take him to a hospital emergency room. If feet are affected, help carry him.
bulletIf you cannot get the victim to a hospital right away or must wait for an ambulance, give him a warm drink and begin first-aid treatment:
bulletImmerse frozen areas in warm water (around 100 degrees Fahrenheit) or apply warm compresses for 30 minutes. If warm water is not available, wrap gently in warm blankets.
bulletDo not use direct heat such as a fire or heating pad.
bulletDo not thaw the area if it is at risk for refreezing, which may cause severe tissue damage.
bulletDo not rub frostbitten skin or rub snow on it.
bulletRe-warming will be accompanied by a burning sensation. Skin may blister and swell and may turn red, blue, or purple. When skin is pink and no longer numb, the area is thawed.
bulletApply sterile dressing to the area, placing it between fingers and toes if he are affected. Try not to disturb any blisters.
bulletWrap re-warmed areas to prevent refreezing, and have the victim keep thawed areas as still as possible.

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Additional Information:

Frostbite Intro ] Frostbite Symptoms ]

Peer- Level Topic Links:
Heat Loss Bear Song ] COLD Key Bear Song ] Insulation Basics ] [ Frostbite ] Hypothermia ] Breaking Through Ice ] Responsibility to Group ] Women's Hygiene ] Permission Forms ]

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Last modified: October 15, 2016.