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By Dan Beard

Balance Lug
Dandy Jigger
Sliding Gunter
Sprit Leg-Mutton
Standing Lug

Rigs of all Kinds for Small Boats

The two principal rigs for vessels are the fore-and-aft and the square rig.


Square rigged consists in having the principal sails extended by yards suspended at the middle (Fig. 135).


Fore-and-aft rigged is having the principal sails tended by booms and gaffs suspended by their ends (Figs. 124, 125, 126, 132, 138 and 137).

Barks brigs, and ships are all more or less square rigged, but schooners, sloops, and catboats are all fore-and-aft rigged. In these notes the larger forms of boats are mentioned only because of the well-known interest boys take in all nautical matters, but no detailed description of the larger craft will be given. All that is aimed at here is to give the salient points, so that the youngsters will know the name of the rig when they see it.


The Ship. When you are out sailing and see a vessel with three masts, all square rigged, you are looking at a ship proper, though ship is a word often used loosely for any sort of a boat (Fig. 135).


The bark is a vessel with square-rigged foremast and mainmast and, fore-and-aft rigged mizzen-mast (Fig. 136).


The brig is a vessel with only two masts, both of which are square rigged (Fig. 134).


The brigantine has two masts-foremast square rigged and mainmast fore-and-aft rigged (Fig. 131).


The barkentine has three masts-mainmast and mizzen-mast, fore-and-aft rigged and foremast square rigged. (See Fig. 130).







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Balance Lug ] Buckeye ] Cat ] Dandy Jigger ] Lateen ] Leg-of-Mutton ] Schooner ] Sharpies ] Sliding Gunter ] Sloop ] Sprit Leg-Mutton ] Standing Lug ]

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Last modified: October 15, 2016.