By Dan Beard
HOW TO MAKE THE ADIRONDACK, THE WICK-UP, THE BARK TEEPEE, THE PIONEER, AND
The Adirondack. The Scout,
the Pioneer, and the Bark Teepee.
The next shelter is what is generally known as the Adirondack shelter, which
is a lean-to open in the front like a "Baker" or a "Dan Beard"
tent. Although it is popularly called the Adirondack camp, it antedates the time
when the Adirondacks were first used as a fashionable resort. Daniel Boone was
wont to make such a camp in the forests of Kentucky. The lean-to or Adirondack
camp is easily made and very popular. Sometimes two of them are built facing
each other with an open space between for the camp-fire. But the usual manner is
to set up two uprights as in Fig, 15, then lay a crosspiece through the
crotches and rest poles against this crosspiece (Fig. 16). Over these poles
other poles are laid horizontally and the roof thatched with browse by the
method shown by Fig. 6, but here the tips of the browse must point down and be
held in place by other poles (Fig. 10) on top of it. Sometimes a log is put at
the bottom of the slanting poles and sometimes more logs are placed as shown in
Figs. 15 and 16 and the space between them floored with balsam or browse.
The Scout Shelter
Where birch bark is obtainable it is shingled with slabs of this bark as
already described, and as shown in Fig. 17, the bark being held in place on the roof by poles laid over it and on the
side by stakes being driven in the ground outside of the bark to hold it in
place as in Fig, 17.
The Pioneer Shelter
Fig. 18 shows the Pioneer, a tent form of shack, and Fig, 19 shows how the
bark is placed like shingles overlapping each other so as to shed the rain. The
doorway of the tent shack is made by leaning poles against forked sticks, their
butts forming a semicircle in front, or rather the arc of a circle, and by
bracing them against the forked stick fore and aft they add stability to the
Or you may, if you choose, lash three sticks together at the top ends, spread
them in the form of a tripod, then lay other sticks against them, their butts
forming a circle in the form of a teepee (Fig. 20).
Commence at the bottom as you do in shingling a roof and place sections of
birch bark around, others above them overlapping them, and hold them in place by
resting poles against them. If your camp is to be occupied for a week or so, it
may be convenient to build a wick-up shelter as a dining-room like the one shown
in Fig. 21. This is made with six uprights, two to hold the ridge-pole and two
to hold the eaves, and may be shingled over with browse or birch, elm, spruce,
or other bark; shingle with the browse in the same manner as that described for
the bark, beginning at the eaves and allowing each row of browse to overlap the
butts of the one below it.
How to Make a Teepee
Indian Communal Houses
Shacks, & Shanties